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Phonology

Consonants:

p t k [p t k]
b d g [b d g]
f s ʃ h [f s sh h]
v z ʒ [v z zh]
m n [m n]
r l [r l]
j [j]

Vowels:

i ʉ u [i y û]
e ɵ o [ê u ô]
ɛ ɞ ɔ [e â o]
ä [a]

Nouns

Singular Masculine -a -e -o kujna 'wolf' bine 'man' shavgo 'dog'
Plural Masculine -at -et -ot kujnat 'wolfs' binet 'men' shavgot 'dogs'
Singular Feminine -i -y -û vâzdi 'star' gyny 'woman' bahû 'cow'
Plural Feminine -in -yn -ûn vâzdin 'stars' gynyn 'women' bahûn 'cows'
Singular Neuter -an -en -on sâvjan 'word' jogen 'child' kason 'basket'
Plural Neuter -â -ê -ô sâvjâ 'words' jogê 'children' kasô 'baskets'

Nominative - bine 'man' binet 'men' vâzdi 'star' vâzdin 'stars' sâvjan 'word' sâvjâ 'words'
Accusative -n binen 'man' binent 'men' vâzdin 'star' vâzdinn 'stars' sâvjann 'word' sâvjân 'words'
Genitive -s bines 'of man' binest 'of men' 'vâzdis 'of star' vâzdins 'of stars' 'sâvjans 'of word' sâvjâs 'of words'
Instrumental -vâ binevâ 'with man' binevât 'with men' vâzdivâ 'with star' vâzdivân 'with stars' sâvjanvâ 'with word' sâvjâvâ 'with words'
Allative -to bineto 'to man' binetot 'to men' vâzdito 'to star' vâzditon 'to stars' sâvjanto 'to word' sâvjâto 'to words'
Ablative -de binede 'from man' binedet 'from men' vâzdide 'from star' vâzdiden 'from stars' sâvjande 'from word' sâvjâde 'from words'
Locative -shi bineshi 'in man' bineshit 'in men' vâzdishi 'in star' vâzdishin 'in stars' sâvjanshi 'in word' sâvjâshi 'in words'
Benefactive -la binela 'for man' binelat 'for men' vâzdila 'for star' vâzdilan 'for stars' sâvjanla 'for word' sâvjâla 'for words'

Indefinite -ne -ene binene 'a man' binetne 'a men' vâzdine 'a star' vâzdinne 'a stars' sâvjanne 'a word' sâvjâne 'a words'
Definite proper -se -ese binese 'the man' binetse 'the men' vâzdise 'the star' vâzdinse 'the stars' sâvjanse 'the word' sâvjâse 'the words'
Definite distant -te -ete binete 'that man' binette 'that men' vâzdite 'that star' vâzdinte 'that stars' sâvjante 'that word' sâvjâte 'that words'

Collective suffix - -ûm binetûm 'humankind'
                       vâzdinûm 'cosmos, space'

Verbs

Active - zhâv- 'to speak'
Causative -ra- zhârav- 'cause to speak'
Passive -mi- zhâmiv- 'to be spoken'
Passive-Causative -ne- zhânev- 'cause to be spoken'

Imperfective - zhâv- 'to speak'
Iterative -yâ- zhâvyâ- 'to speak many times'
Perfective -kê- zhâvkê- 'to speak (action is performed)'

Non-Past - zhâv- 'to speak'
Past -l- / -le- zhâvl- 'to speak (in past)'

1. -an zhâvin 'I am speaking' -ame zhâvime 'We are speaking'
2. -is zhâvis 'Thou art speaking' -ihe zhâvihe 'You are speaking'
3. -y zhâvy 'He/She/It is speaking' -yj zhâvyj 'They are speaking'

Conditional -dy- zhâvdyn  'I would be speaking'
Potentional -bi- zhâvbin 'I may be speaking'
Eventive -mi- zhâvmin 'I could be speaking'
Imperative -ô zhâvô 'speak!'

Towards to- tozhâv- 'to scoff'
Away from de- dezhâv- 'to refuse, to deny'
Inside en- enzhâv- 'to persuade, to make believe'
Outside zo- zozhâv- 'to pronounce, to enounce'

Negation - nê- nêzhâvin 'I don't be speaking'

Adjectival participle -r- zhâvr- /  'speaking'
Adverbial participle -re zhâvre 'speaking'

Gerund -anen zhâvanen 'speaking (as an action)'

Infinitive -êt zhâvêt 'to speak'

Adjectives

Masculine Feminine

Positive - vesh- 'good'
Comparative - -tr- veshtr- 'better'
Superlative - -tud- veshtud- 'best'

Adverbs

Positive - veshe 'good'
Comparative -tre veshtre 'better'
Superlative -tude veshtude 'best'

Numerals

Cardinal:

1. ajsh-
2. zâv-
3. taresh-
4. tvatar-
5. svarm-
6. hsen-
7. tepesh-
8. hast-
9. ojzh-
10. totym-
11. ajshhêshkashj-
20. zâvtotynt-
21. zâvtotynt ajsh-
100. hêshka
1.000. zôhta

Ordinal -t- ajsht-
Multiplicative -kort- ajshakort-
Reproductive -têsh- ajshatêsh-
Distributive -put- ajshaput-
Fractional -nun- ajshanun-

Pronouns

Personal pronouns:

1. ma 'I' mê 'We'
2. sû 'thou' vi 'you'
3. er 'he/she/it' ere 'they'

Possessive pronouns:

Masculine Feminine

1. maj- 'my' mês- 'our'
2. sûj- 'thy' vis- 'your'
3. erj-.-s 'his/her/its' eres 'their'

Prepositions

Locational:

en 'in'
an 'on'
ande 'above'
ende 'under'
per 'beside'
fal 'away'
enzâv 'between'
go 'behind'
zo 'out'
enkelon 'around'
prede 'before'
entaman 'during'
zân 'after'

Other:

nis 'without'
aner 'instead'
prene 'against'
hâsi 'despite, though'
endolge 'along, according to'
tan 'for'

Particles

Conjunctions:

Paratactical conjunctions:

ê 'and'
kin 'also'
ve 'or'
lâ 'but'
hash 'so'
ni 'than'

Hypotactical conjunctions:

ke 'to, for'
anah 'although'
da 'because'
ele 'if'
fase 'that, providing'

Modifiers:

ajshe 'only'
toje 'yet'

Polarity particles:

ta 'yes'
nê 'no'

Syntax

Word order:

SOV (Subject - Object - Verb)

Describing word - Described word

Copular verb:

esh- 'to be'

Word formation

Derivation:

Agentive / Related person -es- zhâv- 'to speak' → zhâves- 'speaker' bahû 'cow' → bahes- 'cowman'
Place -âyon zhâv- 'to speak' → zhâvâyon 'rostrum'
Diminutive -il- sûne 'son' → sûnile 'little son'
Augmentative -ôg- bôron 'mountain' → bôrôgon 'grand mountain'
Related abstract -anten hage 'brother' → haganten 'brotherhood'
Instrument -akan ktestêt 'to destroy' → ktestakan 'instrument for destroying'
Instance -[gender ending] zhâv- 'to speak → zhâvi 'speech'

Possessive / Affiliative -ish- ekva 'horse' → ekvish- 'equine'
Originative -em- dange 'sky' → dangem- 'celestial'
Similaritive -arf- kata 'cat' → katarf- 'felid'
Feature -êy- pilen 'hair' → pilêy- 'hairy'
Privative ne-.-êy- tuden 'tooth' → netudêy- 'toothless'

Lexicon

kujna 'wolf'
bine 'man'
shavgo 'dog'
vâzdi 'star'
gyny 'woman'
bahû 'cow'
sâvjan 'word'
jogen 'child'
kason 'basket'
binetûm 'humankind'
vâzdinûm 'cosmos, space'
zhâvêt 'to speak
tozhâvêt 'to scoff'
dezhâvêt 'to refuse, to deny'
enzhâvêt 'to persuade, to make believe'
zozhâvêt 'to pronounce, to enounce'
vesh- 'good'
zhâves- 'speaker'
bahes- 'cowman'
zhâvâyon  'rostrum'
sûne 'son'
sûnile 'little son'
bôron 'mountain'
bôrôgon 'grand mountain'
hage 'brother'
haganten 'brotherhood'
ktestêt 'to destroy'
ktestakan 'instrument for destroying'
zhâvi 'speech'
ekva 'horse'
dange 'sky'
kata 'cat'
pilen 'hair'
tuden 'tooth'
harj- 'high'
tunglan 'language, tongue'
Add a Comment:
 
:iconavatarvyakara:
AvatarVyakara Featured By Owner Sep 12, 2015  Hobbyist Artist
Excellent! This is a very good start, friend!
Reply
:icontomren:
tomren Featured By Owner Sep 1, 2015  Hobbyist General Artist
For a moment i thought you had a keyboard problem. :P

very interesting language... :)
Reply
:iconviorp:
Viorp Featured By Owner Sep 1, 2015
Did you invert a new language?
Reply
:iconartaxes2:
Artaxes2 Featured By Owner Sep 1, 2015  Hobbyist
Yes, it's my new constructed language.
Reply
:iconviorp:
Viorp Featured By Owner Sep 1, 2015
Holy shit this is so cool.
Reply
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